Constantinople, founded by the Emperor Constantine (4th century), who put an end to the persecution of Christians and allowed freedom of worship, is situated at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the meeting point of the West and the East. After the Muslim conquest, the Jews, who had been present in Anatolia since the 4the century BC, lived there peacefully.
Sultan Bayezid II (15th century) saved 150,000 Jews from the Spanish Inquisition. The 20th century marked the end of peaceful cohabitation between the communities in Turkey (genocide of Armenian Christians, deportation to camps of Jews and Christians who could not pay the heavy tax imposed on them). The Islamisation of Hagia Sophia in 2020 will sound the final death knell for dialogue between religions.